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Posted by on Aug 27, 2012 in Children's Health, Help for Parents, New Parents, The First Year of Life | 4 comments

To Do, or Not To Do… The Circumcision

Soon-to-be parents come to “interview” me almost every day. Typically, they come prepared with a long list of questions for a pediatricianI answer them as best as I am able. 

For parents soon-to-be-expecting sons, I am frequently asked about circumcision

Most parents are just curious about how the procedure is technically done, when their baby can get the procedure, and how many of “these things” I have done. 

(Answer: A lot.) 

For some families, however, the decision to have a child circumcised is not that easy. These parents want to know the medical benefits of circumcision, the risks of the procedure, and the rates of circumcised boys in our community. They want to know if they will “look like” other boys when they grow older. And, what if they do/don’t “look like” dad?

All of these families just want to make the best decision for their son. 

In some areas of the world, circumcision is performed nearly universally. And in some areas, it is rarely desired. The vast differences in circumcision rates are largely attributed to regional cultural, ethnic, and social values around our world. 

What is also interesting is that regional rates of circumcision seem to be varied based on the need for parents to pay for it. Meaning, if the cost of circumcision is not covered by insurance plans, parents are less likely to have it performed. This is noted by the decreased rates of newborn circumcision performed in the US in states where Medicaid does not cover the procedure. 

In turn, the number of circumcisions being performed has dropped slowly over the years. Currently, in the US, it is reported that 55% of men are circumcised. This is well below the 80% of men circumcised in the 1980s.

This cost-factor for this elective procedure is at the center of a recently released Statement on circumcision from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The Statement emphasizes the health benefits of the procedure in order to adequately justify circumcision being covered by a family’s insurance policy.

Ultimately, the AAP is advocating for a parent’s personal choice to circumcise their child without the cost of the procedure being a factor. 

The new report details the medical benefits from circumcision. For infants, circumcision decreases the rate of urinary tract infections in the first year of life by 3-10 fold. As he grows up, studies have shown that circumcised men have a lower rate of certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs).* These studies have focused on certain STIs with significant long-term health detriments including HIV, HPV (human papilloma virus), HSV (herpes), and syphilis. Maintaining higher circumcision rates in a community may, in turn, decrease complications and suffering from long-term consequences of these infections; including penile cancer in men, and cervical cancer in women of infected partners.   

The most common risks of circumcision include blood loss, infection, pain, poor cosmetic outcome, and penile adhesions. Rarely can damage to the penis occur. All of these complications can be reasonably avoided by having boys circumcised by trained health care providers, and with adequate pain control. Parents should be educated on appropriate care after the procedure. 

As with all medical procedures, I believe that each individual family should be able to ultimately decide what is best for their sons based upon their unique family history, traditions, and expectations. Every family should have the opportunity to ask questions, and discuss the benefits and risks of this elective procedure, with the qualified health care provider who is able to perform their child’s circumcision.  

Like most pediatricians, I am equally comfortable performing a circumcision, as I am educating parents on how to care for an uncircumcised penis. 

So, blend your knowledge of this procedure with the history and experience of your unique family. Then allow yourself – whether you do or don’t – to be confident that it was the best decision you could make for your child.

For more information about circumcision, I recommend the following patient education article from UpToDate

*Of note, circumcision is not the only way to protect against STIs. Regardless of circumcision status, STI transmission can be reduced by avoiding sexual activity or practicing safer sex



  1. If circumcision prevents STDs and HIV, then why does Europe (which does not circumcise their children) have substantially lower STD/HIV rates than the US where there is still a majority of men circumcised?

    I ask this to highlight the faulty logic of basing policy for US babies on studies on adult African males. We only have to look to Europe to see how ridiculous the AAP’s policy is. Are American boys unable to use soap and water? Are they unable to practice safe sex? Could it be that the decline in circumcision is hurting the US medical industry’s bottom line?

    This is a ridiculous policy. And I won’t even go into the moral hazard problem that results from using circumcision as a protection against STIs. “Oh don’t worry, no need to use a condom. You’ve been circumcised have as much unprotected sex as you like!”

  2. Really, the whole “look like dad” argument is ridiculous. What did dads tell their sons years ago when circumcision became universal and fathers and sons were different then? If our three sons ever ask why they aren’t circumcised but their dad is, we will simply tell them “because back then they thought it was cleaner/necessary, but we know now that that isn’t true so we didn’t do it”. Not that hard to explain, really. I’ve had to explain much harder things to my children, that’s for sure.

  3. What about the rights of the people on whom circumcisions are being performed without consent?

    What if they didn’t want this unnecessary body modification forced on them?

    Why don’t their rights matter?

  4. shame, shame, shame on this doctor! how casual and cavalier she sounds about harming these defenseless new babies, who are strapped down to a board and while they scream in terror and pain, SHE CUTS OFF A PART OF THEIR GENITALS! all normal human beings are born with a foreskin, EACH AND EVERY ONE OF US. the foreskin is not a birth defect, it is a normal, healthy, functioning, multi purposeful part of the human genitalia and a male child being born in this country DOES NOT REQUIRE SURGICAL CORRECTION. all mammals are born with a foreskin. she is at the least, uneducated, and at worst, a sadist. the screams of a baby being cut are horrendous, how cold she must be to ignore those screams. how on earth does she sleep at night? i wonder if she, like many doctors, sell the foreskins, which are in HUGE demand in this country, which is why this barbaric unncessary cosmetic surgery still occurs. foreskins are used to make skin grafting materials for burn victims, bandages and are also used in expensive moisturizers. there’s a reason why the circumcision rate in this country is plummeting, as more and more parents are downloading an actual circumcision and are learning the truth, that that is NOT just a snip snip, and these children are being traumatized, FOR NO REASON!

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